Travel: France – Saint-Rémy-de-Provence – Glanum

Posted on Updated on

IMG_20190417_140513

Last week I told you about Saint-Paul-de-Mausole, a monastery in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, the town we stayed in during our recent holiday in the Provence. Not far from this monastery you can find Glanum, the ruins of an ancient city of which you can read in today’s travelpost.

Glanum was a Celto-Ligurian settlement built by the Salyens between the 4th and 2nd century BC as a fortified town. They were in contact with the Greek colony of Massalia (Marseille) which had its influences on the architecture. Villas were built in the hellenic style.

DSC_0873

DSC_0877

Then there were conflicts between the Salyens and the Greeks. The Greeks had assistance from their Roman allies and the Salyens were defeated. Many of the old monuments were destroyed.

DSC_0884

DSC_0876

The location however was so good that soon the town prospered again, until the Salyens again rebelled against Rome and once more, a lot of public buildings were destroyed. In 49 BC however, the Romanisation of Provence and Glanum began as Julius Caesar had captured Marseille. A bit later it was given the title of Oppidum Latinum, which gave the residents the civil and political status of citizens of Rome.

DSC_0887

DSC_0890

Glanum wasn’t as prosperous as Arles, Avignon and Cavaillon, but it contained temples, an aquaduct, impressive shrines, a large forum and extensive baths.

In the 3th century, Glanum was destroyed by the Alamanni. Inhabitants moved a bit to the north to found a city which is now Saint-Rémy-de-Provence. They used materials from Glanum to build the city and the ancient city was destroyed.

IMG_20190417_145931

DSC_0951

Some excavations were made in the 16th and 17th centuries, but it wasn’t until the 1920ies for the baths, the basilica and the northeren residences of the town to be discovered by archeologist Pierre LeBrun.

Excavation and exploration works continued during the 20th century and they revealed an outstanding collection of architectural relics.

DSC_0916

DSC_0953

IMG_20190417_143332

Also part of Glanum are ‘Les Antiques’: the Mausoleum and the Triumphal Arch which are situated near the site of Glanum.

The Mausoleum is a funerary monument dating back to 30 BC. The mausoleum is well preserved. It is dedicated to two members of the Gallo-Roman family of Julii.

DSC_0971

The Triumphal Arch was built around that same period. It’s decorated with beautiful reliefs illustrating Caesar’s conquest of the Gauls.

DSC_0972

IMG_20190417_154440

 

Do you  like to visit ancient sites? Tell me in the comments!

Love, Kathleen

DSC_0895

 

DSC_0944

DSC_0958  IMG_20190417_151359

DSC_0903
Advertisements

2 thoughts on “Travel: France – Saint-Rémy-de-Provence – Glanum

    Samaja said:
    June 20, 2019 at 11:05 am

    My husband would love this! I didn’t even know there was this kind of site in the Provence.

    Liked by 1 person

      kaybe610 responded:
      June 29, 2019 at 1:23 pm

      It’s situated just a bit south of the city centre and definitely worth the little walk! On one side of the road you can visit Glanum and on the other side you can find Saint-Paul-de-Mausole, the health institution where Van Gogh lived for a couple of years. When in the neighbourhood, check it out I’d say 🙂 Love, Kathleen

      Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s